- by Mantra
Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multilingual and multi-geographical country yet it has an area of just 147, 181 square kilometers. Probably this is the only small country in the world to have such diversity in terms of nature like Mt. Everest and culture with various major festivals in Nepal. The blogger wants to share some of the major festivals of Nepal which are celebrated throughout the year.
To give you a fair idea about the most important Festivals of Nepal in 2019 and their dates, before you begin, here is a piece of information that would be essential for you!
List of Major Festivals in Nepal
The information about such festivals is presented in chronological order following the English Calendar. If your holiday in Nepal has coincided with these hundreds of celebrations in Nepal, don’t miss out to participate and celebrate. It would definitely take you closer to the spirits and nerve of Nepalese people.
Janaipurnima & Gai Jatra
The Festival Janai Purnima and Raksha Bandhan happen on the full moon of Shrawan. “Janai” which means a holy string worn by Brahmans of the Hindus and “Purnima” implies a full moon. On this day the Brahmans bathe in consecrated streams and visit their sanctuaries and the clerics offer a holy and blessed string to the wrists of their adherents and consequently get blessings. Brahmans additionally dispose of the old Janai and get another one from the priests or elderly people on this day. For Newars celebration is known as Kwati Purnima. The “kwati” is a blended soup of nine kinds of locally harvested beans. The Kwāti is eaten as a delicacy as well as for its medical advantages and custom centrality. It is trusted that the soup from the beans have a therapeutic incentive for the chilly and infection in the stormy season.
The Gai Jatra is an altogether Newari celebration for Newars who have lost friends and family amid the year. “Gai” implies a Cow which is considered as a heavenly or consecrated creature in the Hindu people group and “Jatra “implies the road celebration. Amid the celebration, bovines are walked in the roads with the relatives of the perished individual amid the year. The individuals customarily mask themselves as bovines and move around the lanes. The boulevards likewise meander with entertainers with a veiled hit the dance floor with the singing of melodies. Gai Jatra is a celebration which empowers the general population to acknowledge the truth of death and to set themselves up for eternal life. That’s why this festival has been listed in the major festivals in Nepal.
Major Festivals in Nepal – Dashain
Dashain is the biggest and promising celebration of Nepal which is commended on the event of triumph over abhorrence. It is praised in the month of September or October. It is celebrated for 15 days where Dashain begin from Ghatasthapana the first day and ends on Purnima. In Ghatasthapana the first-day individuals sow seeds of corn in a modest vessel loaded with dirt and water. The vessel is placed in the petition room. Individuals implore the Goddess Durga each morning. The Goddess Durga is appealed to God for nine days amid the celebration. In the tenth day, we call Dashami, on this unique day we took tika on our temple and take favoring by the seniors one. In this time every one of the workplaces will be shut so everybody inspires time to associate with their relatives and they can share their adoration and distress. Numerous individuals head out their relatives’ houses to put tika. Taking a tika goes till the Chaturdarshi which is the latest day of Dashain. The real attractions of Dashain are a dynamic condition, clear climate; sky loaded with bright kites, the social event of Relatives, youngsters’ with delights, swarmed markets, flying kites rivalries, scrumptious nourishment, drinks and excellent garments, bliss, excitement add more flavor. All these elements have put this festival in the front line of the major festivals in Nepal.
Major Festivals in Nepal – Tihar
Tihar is the celebration of light which falls on the long stretch of November and it is praised on the event of the triumph of good over evil spirits. It is another important festival in Nepal with the greatest celebration of Hindu after Dashain. This celebration celebrates for 5 days with a lot of colorful lights, music, dancing, foods and most importantly the very blessing, sacred and bounding love between brothers and sisters.
The first day we called Kaag Tihar in this day we worship crow. We worship crows by offering nourishment and sweet. The cawing of crows symbolizes misery and distress in Hinduism, so aficionados offer crows and ravens sustenance to turn away pain and demise in their homes. We call Kukur Tihar for the second day, in this day we worship God since we trusted that pooch is a flag-bearer of ruler Yamaraj (divine force of death) it additionally demonstrates the shared connection amongst canine and people. Third day we call it Laxmi Pooja, in this day we worship goddess Laxmi (Goddess of riches and favorable luck) and dairy animals. We imply that dairy animals as goddess Laxmi, on this day individuals enlivened their home with a loaded wreath of marigold. Individuals accumulate at one place to play “Deusi” by performing diverse social moves and so on. On the fourth day, we call it Govardhan pooja, in this day we venerate the bull. The fifth day is called ‘Bhai Tika’, siblings take Tika from their sisters giving a gift that her sibling’s more drawn out life and quality to confront and defeat any insidious and furthermore share love and distress with each other.
Maghe Sankranti falls on the long stretch of Magh, mid of January in English Calendar. It is the principal day of the month of Magh. As per Hindu Lunar, the Sun goes northwards to Makar Rashi (Capricorn). Magh accompanies an opening of new celebrations and services. Makar Sankranti additionally checks most of the way to the finish of winter in Nepal.
It is trusted that Makar Sankranti is the beginning of new sacred seasons, which finished with the beginning of winter. At the end of the day, it denotes the finish of the unfavorable period of time which starts around mid-December. It is trusted that any favorable and hallowed custom can be completed beginning from Makar Sankranti day. This day denotes the start of hotter and longer days. Basically, Makar Sankranti is the end of winter and start of the spring season.
Makar Sankranti is the celebration of Sun God. Sun God is the image power, godliness, and knowledge. Sun God is worshiped in this celebration. Maghe Sankranti is likewise called Maghi. Maghi is the New Year of Tharu Community of Nepal. Eating of sugar molasses, potatoes, yam, colocasia, and sweet potatoes as well as worshipping the sun are the usual activities during these major festivals in Nepal.
Major Festivals in Nepal – Holi
As per Hindu Mythology, amid the rule of King Hiranyakasyap citizens of the kingdom were disallowed from venerating Lord Vishnu yet his own particular child, Pralhad, was an incredible lover of Vishnu. Ruler allotted his sister, Holika, who had the intensity of producing fire, to consume Pralhad to death. She brought Pralhad into her lap meaning to consume him however with Lord Vishnu’s favor rather she was left to slag. That very day was praised as Fagu Poornima or Holi. From that day onwards on each Hindus observe Holi as a triumph of good over evil people. Individuals from each age and standing appreciate Holi in Nepal with shading, water, tasty sustenance, music, and move. Individuals top off inflatable with water and toss at each other however in Terai it is praised a day later. They paint each other with various hues making diverse images and pour cans of water to each other.
Maha Shivaratri is a celebration in which god Shiva is loved and supplicated. This happens in March and is marked as the birthday of Lord Shiva. Hindus from everywhere throughout the world join to ruler Shiva sanctuary “Pashupatinath” to pay their tribute and trust that his omnipotent will pardon the majority of their wrongdoings. The sanctuary will grandstand a value watching a horde of fans and exposed sadhus with bodies secured with fiery debris and individuals arranged in thousands. The greater part of Hindus takes fasting not in any case a drop of water till supplicating is done. At night they revere Lord Shiva with all the important puja. Marijuana and Cannabis are allowed within the temple premises on this day by the local authority as well.
There are numerous other major festivals in Nepal like Buddha Jayanti (Lord Buddha’s Birthday), Teej (Women’s festival), etc. People can have splendid rejoice of delicacies, traditions, dance, music and so on while celebrating the various festivals of Nepal.